Wed, Sep 6, 2023 6:46 AM
By Matt Becker, CFP, SmartAsset
I'm 49 years old and I've had a steady job for over 15 years now as a government contractor. I plan to retire at around 65. I have $500,000 in savings between my 401(k), IRA and individual savings accounts. I'm renting, I don't have any debt and I have a small family of three. I'm concerned about my sources of income in retirement. I do not have a pension but I live below my means of income. I read about annuities, but they are too expensive. What would be my other options for retirement income?
First of all Victor, it's great that you're giving this so much thought so far in advance. It's also impressive that you've already accumulated some significant savings.
In fact, it looks to me like you're in great shape. While there are many details about your situation that I don't know, my guess is that you don't need to do anything overly complicated in order to make sure that you have enough income in retirement. (And if you need more help planning for retirement, consider speaking with a financial advisor. )
Projected Income From Your Retirement Savings
Your savings alone look like it should provide you with most of the income you'll need in retirement.
According to the 4% rule, you can safely withdraw 4% of your retirement portfolio each year, adjusting upward for inflation, with little risk of ever running out of money. In fact, in most cases, you'll actually end up with more money than you started with.
So the question then is how much money you're on track to have by age 65, and how much annual income it will provide. I made a few assumptions about your situation to run the numbers:
- $50,000 annual salary
- 5% personal 401(k) contribution ($2,500 per year or $208.33 per month)
- 3% employer match ($1,500 per year or $125 per month)
- 6% annual investment return
- 2.1% annual inflation 1
Starting with a balance of $500,000, those numbers project that you'll have $1,409,757 in retirement savings by the time you reach age 65. Using the 4% rule, that equates to an annual income of $56,390.
But that number doesn't factor in inflation, which makes it hard to compare it to your salary today. If I instead use an inflation-adjusted return of 3.82%, you end up with a balance of $1,008,439. That equates to an annual income of $40,337 in today's dollars.
That $40,337 is pretty close to your assumed $50,000 annual salary. It may even fully replace that salary given taxes and the fact that you live below your means. But it's also not the only source of income you'll have in retirement. (And if you need help projecting your income in retirement, consider matching with a financial advisor.)
Don't Forget About Social Security
For all the doomsday predictions out there, Social Security is still alive and well and you can count on it providing a steady and predictable income.
Using this calculator provided by the Social Security Administration, and again assuming a $50,000 annual salary, you can expect to receive a monthly benefit (in today's dollars) of about $1,844 when you reach age 67, which equates to an annual income of $22,128.
When added to the $40,337 from your retirement savings, that's a total annual income of $62,465 - more than enough to replace your current salary. (And if you're unsure when is the right time to claim Social Security, a financial advisor can help.)
What If Your Income Is Higher?
Of course, I'm making a big assumption by estimating your annual income at $50,000. And the truth is that the more you currently make, the harder it could be to replace in retirement.
For example, if I instead assume that your current salary is $100,000 and keep all the other variables the same, here are the results I get (all presented in today's dollars):
- $43,859 annual income from retirement savings
- $35,040 annual Social Security benefit
- $78,899 total annual retirement income
While that's more money than the first example, it actually adds up to a smaller percentage of your pre-retirement income. However, it still may be enough to meet your spending needs after factoring in taxes and your actual expenses.
If you're concerned though, the best thing you can do is simply increase the amount that you're contributing to your retirement accounts. For example, if you're making $100,000 and increase your employee contribution to 15%, your expected annual income from retirement accounts increases to $52,664.05. That's an extra $8,805 per year, which could make a big difference. (And if you need more help with your retirement plan, this tool can help match you with an advisor who might meet your needs.)
Most of the things you could do specifically for income - such as purchasing an annuity, an investment property or high-dividend stocks - come with costs and other downsides that could do more harm than good. They could make sense for your situation, either now or in the future, but they are certainly not cure-alls.
The way I see it, you're on the right track and there's nothing special you need to do beyond possibly increasing your retirement contributions.
Tips for Finding a Financial Advisor
- Finding a financial advisor doesn't have to be hard. SmartAsset's free tool matches you with up to three vetted financial advisors who serve your area, and you can have a free introductory call with your advisor matches to decide which one you feel is right for you. If you're ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.
- Consider a few advisors before settling on one. It's important to make sure you find someone you trust to manage your money. As you consider your options, these are the questions you should ask an advisor to ensure you make the right choice.
1 10-year projected inflation rate, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
Matt Becker, CFP®, is a SmartAsset financial planning columnist and answers reader questions on personal finance and tax topics. Got a question you'd like answered? Email [email protected] and your question may be answered in a future column.
Please note that Matt is not a participant in the SmartAdvisor Match platform, and he has been compensated for this article.
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